Thursday, 2 August 2012

JFK

JFK; thriller, USA, 1991; D: Oliver Stone, S: Kevin Costner, Michael Rooker, Sissy Spacek, Tommy Lee Jones, Gary Oldman, Wayne Knight, Joe Pesci, Kevin Bacon, Jack Lemmon, Donald Sutherland, John Candy, Brian-Doyle Murray, Laurie Metcalf, Walter Matthau 

On 22 November '63, US president John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas. While the whole nation is shocked, the police accuse a certain Lee Harvey Oswald as the perpetrator, but he is killed by a certain Jack Ruby before a trial could start. A few years later, after observing numerous plot holes in the Warren Report, New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison and his friends start questioning witnesses themselves, leading them to a very different conclusion: namely that there were at least two assassins, that someone was using Oswald's identity and that there was a conspiracy from the military top to eliminate Kennedy in order to keep waging wars in Vietnam. Garrison indicts Clay Shaw, but since many witnesses died mysteriously, the trial acquits him.

Excellent "JFK" is arguably Oliver Stone's best film: one part of the audience views it as propaganda that invents facts, the other part views it as a visualization of independent investigation thinking 'outside the box', but all had to admit that it is a passionate, incredibly tight cinematic experience that electrifies regardless of anyones political beliefs. Stone here has such an authority that he is able to get away with miles of long monologues (Garrison's final speech in the courtroom alone probably ran for at least ten pages in the script), rally half of Hollywood to star in the film and even his thousands of cuts somehow seem to have a point because they all manage to align themselves into a clear narrative, expanding the perspectives of what happened during the famous assassination: despite a running time of three hours, there is no empty walk and no scene sounds pointless. The speculation of the story is debatable - for instance, Dave Ferrie never admitted to have been part of a conspiracy to kill JFK, which says clearly in Garrison's book, on which the film was based, whereas the mysterious Mr. X, who claims that the assassination was a "coup d'etat" because JFK wanted to end the Cold War while the military wanted to continue the war due to its increasing budget, is just someone's opinion - yet Stone refuses to push the story towards the black and white territory (i.e. in one scene, during dinner, a sleazy lawyer (John Candy in an unusually serious edition) confronts Garrison about his theory, asking him why Bobby Kennedy didn't sue the government for killing his brother if there was a cover-up), reaching almost the level of gnoseology and the limits of knowledge for man, here untypically set in the political world. This is rare: a director taking a dry law report and transforming it into a suspenseful 'whodunit' mystery a la Agatha Christie.

Grade;+++

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